Economic Survey Projects 8% Growth Rate for Coming Year

By Sarkaritel February 27, 2015 21:35

Economic Survey Projects 8% Growth Rate for Coming Year

ecosurveyDouble-Digit Economic Growth Possibile

Political Mandate for Reform against Benign External Environment

Scope for Big Bang Reforms now 

By TN Ashok     Economic Affairs Editor

New Delhi, Feb 27 The Indian Economy has braved the global economic slowdown and the domestic economic morass of persistent inflation, elevated fiscal deficit, slackening domestic demand, external account imbalances and fluctuating rupee against major international currencies kindling hopes of an higher 8% GDP growth in the coming year , the Economic Survey for 2014-15 presented to Parliament today by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley claims.

India’s economy is looking-up with brighter prospects against the world’s major economies today which are still in a struggling or recovery mode indicating clearly that a political mandate for further reforms and a benign external environment now can propel India to a double digit GDP growth, the survey made by Dr Arvind Subramanian, Chief Economic Advisor to the Finance Ministry and the government says.

Dr Subramanian while addressing post economic survey presentation press conference exuded confidence of a 8% GDP growth in the coming year as India was among rare nations that was doing well with good economic fundamentals against a benign world economy where much of the big growth countries like China and Japan were showing a slowdown and much of Europe particularly Greece still struggling against odds. “Balance of evidence shows that India is recovery robustly but not surging, he said adding we cannot classify it as one of the tiger economies such as China.

On the external sector, he pointed out there was improved Current Account Deficit (CAD) So surfeit and not a scarcity of inflows could be a challenge. Expenditure needed to be controlled and its quality improved.  Referring to fiscal consolidation, he said growth and fiscal discipline were compatible.

Outlining three objectives, Dr Subramanian said the target for fiscal deficit was 3%, policy was to shift from expenditure control top revenue and capital expenditure. Growth and GST would ensure medium term targets are met. On the short term the pressure for accelerated fiscal consolidation had lessened.

Dr Subramanian who made a presentation on the economic survey and the state of the economy told newsmen that some game changers for the economy would come from building a political consensus on Goods and Services Tax, financial inclusion under the PM”s Jan Dhan Yojana where over 12.5 crore new accounts have opened and continuing the push to extending coverage under the aadhaar programme.

Increasing FDI caps in defence, eliminating the quantitative restrictions on gold, passing an ordinance to make land acquisition less onerous, enhancing FDP cap in insurance to 49% through an ordinance and passing the mines ordinance (significant step in revival of stagnated mining sector) could be the other game changers for the economy.

Viewed against an international context, Dr Subramanian said India is an attractive destination for investments. With regard to inflation, there is a structural shift, forecast is 5 to 5.5% which creates more space for monetary easing, which means one can expect changes in bank’s policies vis a vis lending rates. Compare this with situation a couple of years ago where banks were stagnated with rising NPAs, low rate of returns on deposits, a static SLR.

The Economic Survey taking into consideration the change of base year by the Central Statistics Office of the National Accounts series from 2004-05 to 2011-12, states that growth at market prices for 2015-16 is expected to be 8.1-to 8.5 per cent.

The growth rate in GDP at constant (2011-12) market prices in 2012-13 was 5.1 per cent, which increased to 6.9 percent in 2013-14 and it is expected to further increase to 7.4 per cent in 2014-15 (According to advanced estimates). The change in methodology by the Central Statistics Office has also introduced the concept of Gross Value Added (GVA) at the aggregate and various sectoral levels.

The Economic Survey says that expectation for such a growth rate is also due to a number of reforms that have already been undertaken and more that are being planned for.  The Survey enlist various reform measures like de-regulation of diesel price, taxing energy products, replacing cooking gas subsidy by direct transfer on national scale, passing an Ordinance to reform the coal sector via auctions, increasing the FDI caps in defence, etc.

The Survey report also commended the far reaching changes brought about on the issue of sharing of revenues between the Centre and States as recommended by the 14th Finance Commission.

The Survey says that decline in inflation by over 6 percentage points since late 2013 and also reduction of current account deficit from a peak of 6.7 per cent of GDP in the third quarter of 2012-13 to about one (1) per cent in the coming fiscal year has made India an attractive investment destination well above most other countries.

The expected high growth rate in the coming year in the favourable economic environment has created a historic movement of opportunity to propel India into a double-digit growth trajectory to attain the fundamental objective of “wiping every tear from every eye” of the vulnerable and poor people of the country, the survey says.  It also gives an opportunity to the increasingly young, middle-class and aspirational India to realize its full potential. As the new Government is to present its first full year budget, the Economic Survey states that it appears that India has reached a sweet spot and that there is a scope for Big Bang reforms now.

The growth estimates of over 8 per cent for the current year is on expectations that the monsoon will be favourable, as it was forecast to be normal, compared to last year. However the growth rate in Gross Value Added (GVA) at basic prices in agriculture is projected to decline from 3.7 per cent in 2013-14, an exceptionally good previous year from the point of view of rainfall, to 1.1 per cent in 2014-15, the current year with not-so-favourable monsoon.

The Economic Survey has also drawn our attention to certain other stagnating or declining elements of the economy in the recent past.

It says that the growth in 2014-15 is largely driven by domestic demand. There is hardly any external support to growth in 2014-15, as the growth in exports is projected to be only 0.9 per cent and the growth rate of imports, around (-) 0.5 per cent. The deceleration in imports owe substantially to the sharp decline in international oil prices in the current year that compressed the oil import bill.

It also says that there has been a decline in the rate of gross domestic saving, from 33.9 per cent of the GDP in 2011-12 to 31.8 per cent in 2012-13 and further to 30.6 per cent in 2013-14, caused majorly by the sharp decline in the rate of household physical savings.

Further it states that investment rate over the past years, as measured by Gross capital formation (GCF) as a percentage of GDP declined from 38.2 per cent in 2011-12 to 36.6 per cent in 2012-13 and further to 32.3 per cent in 2013-14.

On investments the Survey had significantly commented that while private investment must remain the primary engine of long-run growth, the public investment, especially in the railways, will have to play an important role at least in the interim, to revive growth and to deepen physical connectivity.

This Economic Survey prescribes, what its calls, a golden rule of fiscal policy saying that governments are expected to borrow over the cycle only to finance investment and not to fund current expenditures. It urged the government to aim at bringing down the centre’s fiscal deficit down to 3 per cent of GDP.

The Economic Survey made some interesting comments saying that price subsidies do not appear to have had a transformative effect on the living standards of the poor, though they have helped poor households to weather inflation and price volatility.   It says that a close look at price subsidies, which are estimated to be about 3, 78,000 crore rupees, about 4.24 per cent of GDP, reveal that they may not be the government’s best weapon for fighting poverty.

Dwelling upon various subsidies to the poor, the Survey even stated that price subsidies are often regressive. It said, an analysis of current subsidy scheme indicates that rich households benefit more from the subsidy than a poor household. Among various examples that it had dwelt upon the Survey said that subsidy on electricity can only benefit the relatively rich. The Survey, however, concluded that eliminating or phasing down subsidies is neither feasible nor desirable.     It said that by adopting what it called the JAM Number Trinity-Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile numbers would allow the State to deliver the subsidies to poor in a targeted and less distorted manner.

The Economic Survey had expressed a serious concern that several projects have been stalled and such a tendency is increased over the past years.  In the same breath the Survey report expressed happiness that such stalling of projects seems to have plateaued.  It suggested revitalizing public private partnership model of investment.

Dwelling upon the issue of manufacturing versus services for the growth of the economy the Survey says, both are equally important in the Indian context.  Similarly, “Skilling India” is no less important and deserves an equal attention as the other important goal of “Make in India “.

In a Chapter on a Common National Market for Agricultural Commodities the Survey without making any conclusions suggested that there may be a Constitutional provision used to regulate trading in specified agricultural commodities to create a National Common Market.

In an exclusive Chapter relating to the Fourteenth Finance Commission(FFC) the Economic Survey quoted both Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of the country and the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi and said that adoption of the recommendations of the FFC and the creation of Niti Ayog earlier would further take forward the Government’s vision of cooperative and competitive federalism.

By Sarkaritel February 27, 2015 21:35