: International News
Global CO2 emissions reach record high in 2010: IEA
Paris, May 31, 2011
Energy-related carbon-dioxide (CO2)
emission reached a record high in 2010, up by five percent
from the last record in 2008, the Paris-based International
Energy Agency (IEA) said.
Emissions in 2010 are estimated to have climbed to a record
30.6 Gigatonnes (Gt). The last record in 2008 reported CO2
emission of 29.3 Gt, which followed by a dip in 2009 due to
the global recession, Xinhua said quoting the energy agency.
The IEA envisaged 2010 data and potential future emission "a
serious setback" to a target of limiting temperature increase
to two degrees Celsius at the UN climate change talks in
Cancun in 2010.
"Our latest estimates are another wake-up call. The world has
edged incredibly close to the level of emissions that should
not be reached until 2020 if the 2 degree Celsius target is to
be attained," said Fatih Birol, chief economist at the IEA.
To achieve the goal of two degrees Celsius limitation, "global
energy-related emissions in 2020 must not be greater than 32
Gt. This means that over the next 10 years, emissions must
rise less in total than they did between 2009 and 2010," the
energy watchdog said in a press release Monday.
"Given the shrinking room for maneuver in 2020, unless bold
and decisive decisions are made very soon, it will be
extremely challenging to succeed in achieving this global goal
agreed in Cancun," Birol added.
In terms of fuels, according to IEA, 44 percent of the
estimated CO2 emissions in 2010 came from coal, 36 percent
from oil, and 20 percent from natural gas.
Region by region, the IEA estimated that 40 percent of global
emissions came from 34-member OECD (Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development) countries in 2010, while
non-OECD emerging economies saw stronger increase in the
emission as their economic growth accelerated.
In addition, on a per capita basis, OECD countries
collectively emitted 10 tonnes, more than 5.8 tonnes in China
and 1.5 tonnes in India.